Important Facts You Need to Know About Diabetes

Geratric nurse monitoring blood sugar of senior woman with diabetesDiabetes mellitus is among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States. According to the American Diabetes Association, chronic and untreated diabetes was the cause of death of approximately 300,000 Americans in 2015.

Unfortunately, this condition has become a global pandemic due to its increasing prevalence even in the younger population. As such, the World Health Organization (WHO) and Revere Health strongly recommend regular medical consultations and screenings for effective diabetes management in Provo.

What is Diabetes Mellitus?

Diabetes mellitus is a disease characterized by the inability of the body to use glucose to facilitate normal functioning. Glucose serves as fuel for energy production, which is fundamental in several processes, such as normal digestion, absorption, and respiration.

What are the Types of Diabetes Mellitus?

Diabetes mellitus can be classified into two types. Type I diabetes is an autoimmune disorder, which means the body’s innate immune system attacks the cells that produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that promotes metabolism, absorption, and storage of glucose. Inadequate production of this hormone results in elevated blood glucose concentration. Type II diabetes, which occurs in 90% of diabetic patients, occurs when the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin. Similarly, this leads to high levels of underutilized glucose in the circulation.

What Ancillary Tests Should I Undergo?

Diabetes can be definitively diagnosed through blood tests. Fasting blood sugar (FBS) is usually the initial test to determine glucose levels in the circulation. Patients are prohibited from eating or drinking for 8 to 12 hours before blood extraction. Other tests, such as random blood sugar (RBS) and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), may also be done. Hemoglobin A1c test (HBa1c) is often done to measure blood sugar levels for the past three months in order to objectively quantify glucose intolerance.

Diabetes mellitus is a longstanding condition that requires early detection to prevent complications, such as blindness, motor deficits, and kidney failure. A regular consultation with a physician is necessary to ensure that your diet, lifestyle modifications, and oral medications prevent disease progression.