The Swiss turning machines were considered to be specialty tools in the field of machining. But today, it's in demand and extensively used even in shops, which predominantly use only conventional turning machines. There are many professionals and businesses, who can help you understand how the Swiss machines work and can help you become proficient with them. They can help you use the machines proficiently and optimally.
Different from conventional machines
When using the Swiss turning machine, the machinists should adapt to a different way of thinking. In this machine, contrary to the conventional ones, the turning tool remains stationary and the stock stick advances. This difference is very important and should be remembered especially when you deal with Z-axis offsets.
The heart of a Swiss-type machine is the guide bushing and this means the sizing of the parts to be machined is absolutely essential. If the size is not correct for the guide bushing, the work will have multiple errors. The bushings are available in different materials such as steel and carbide sleeved. So you also have to consider the workpiece interaction before machining the parts.
Segmentation is necessary
The cuts in the order cycle also change when you use a Swiss-type machine. The length of the guide bushing warrants that the parts to be machines is segmented into sections. If this is not done the stock will fall out from the guide bushing. This implies that the machining of the part is done typically in sections of 0.75 inches, which is the standard length recommended.
There are other differences too, which includes the fact that the cutting fluid use is oil instead of the conventional water. Oil offers more lubricity and complete freedom from bacterial growth and ensuing unpleasant odors. But since oil is not a coolant like water is, the Swiss machine gets heated up and will require shop towels or gloves, while changing the tooling parts.